Discoloration of drinking water is usually the result of the presence of oxidized iron and/or manganese in the source of water. Iron and manganese generally appear in a non-oxidized state and when exposed to air, chlorine or other oxidizing agents, precipitate out leaving a reddish brown or black stain. This staining can discolour clothes, plumbing fixtures and other hard surfaces. Aquadene Plus is designed to sequester or chemically tie up the dissolved iron and manganese and maintain it in the soluble state, preventing the oxidation from occurring.

Hardness/Scale control

Scaling is caused by the precipitation of calcium and magnesium hardness on surface areas of the water system. In a distribution system, the scaling occurs in the water mains, eventually reducing the effective diameter of the pipe, reducing the carrying capacity and the water flow, and possibly increasing pumping costs. In water heaters systems, scales act as insulation between the water to be heated and the heat source. This causes energy costs to increase temperature as well as causing costly burnouts and replacement of the elements. Aquadene Plus inhibits scale formation by distorting the crystalline structure as it forms and by not allowing it to build upon itself. Scales, which exist prior to treatment, are dispersed and removed.

Pipe corrosion and leaching

Corrosion of water piping systems not only requires their premature replacement but also in the process, releases oxidized iron or unhealthy copper, which shows up as discoloured water, staining of clothes and fixtures, or tenant health complaints. Aquadene Plus prevents corrosion by forming a microscopic protective film on the interior of the pipe surfaces. Also through the use of Aquadene Plus, utilities have been able to significantly reduce first draw lead and copper levels to meet USEPA Lead and Copper Rule.

Conduit damged by corrosion and scales.